Deadline to Return Security Deposit

Claudia Diaz - Landlord - January 5, 2023

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How long a landlord has to return a security deposit after a tenant moves out varies by state. Below is a chart with deadlines in all 50 states and Washington D.C. for when a landlord has to return a security deposit. We have also included the state law that references security deposit deadlines so that you can fully understand your rights. 

State 

Deadline to Return Security Deposit 

State Law 

Alabama 

60 Days 

§ 35-9A-201

Alaska

14 Days

AS 34.03.070

Arizona

14 Days 

§ 33-1321

Arkansas

60 Days

§ 18-16-305

California

21 Days

Civil Code §1950.5

Colorado

30 Days*

§ 38-12-103; § 38-12-104

Connecticut

30 Days

§ 47a-21

Delaware

20 Days

§ 5514

Florida

15 Days

§ 83.49

Georgia

30 Days

§ 44-7-34

Hawaii

14 Days

§ 521-44

Idaho

21 Days*

§ 521-44

Illinois

45 Days

765 ILCS 710/1

Indiana

45 Days

§ 32-31-3-12

Iowa

30 Days

§ 562A.12

Kansas

30 Days

§ 58-2550

Kentucky

30 Days*

§ 383.580

Louisiana

1 Month

§ 9:3251

Maine

30 Days*

§ 6033

Maryland

45 Days

§ 8–203

Massachusetts

30 Days

Chapter 186, §15B

Michigan

30 Days

§ 554.609

Minnesota

21 Days

§ 504B.178

Mississippi

45 Days

§ 89-8-21(3)

Missouri

30 Days

§ 535.300

Montana

10 Days

§ 70-25-202

Nebraska

14 Days

§ 76-1416

Nevada

30 Days

NRS 118A.242

New Hampshire

30 Days

RSA 540-A:7

New Jersey

30 Days*

§ 46:8-21.1

New Mexico

30 Days

§ 47-8-18

New York

14 Days

§ 7-108(1-a)(e) 

North Carolina

30 Days*

§ 42-52

North Dakota

30 Days

§ 47-16-07.1

Ohio

30 Days

§ 5321.16

Oklahoma

45 Days

§ 41-115

Oregon

31 Days

§ 90.300

Pennsylvania

30 Days

§ 250.512

Rhode Island

20 Days

§ 34-18-19

South Carolina

30 Days

§ 27-40-410

South Dakota

2 Weeks 

§ 43-32-24

Tennessee

30 Days

§ 66-28-301.2

Texas

30 Days

§ 92.103

Utah

30 Days

§ 57-17-3

Vermont

14 Days*

§ 4461

Virginia

45 Days

§ 55.1-1226

Washington

21 Days

§ 59.18.280

Washington D.C.

45 Days

D.C. Mun. Regs. tit. 14 § 309

West Virginia

60 days* 

§ 37-6A-1

Wisconsin

21 Days

§ 134.06

Wyoming

15 or 30 days* 

§ 1-21-1208(A)

* Check the law for additional information or exceptions. 

We have comprehensive guides on security deposits for California, New York, and Texas with additional information.

Security Deposit Laws

In the chart above, we have included the laws that discuss security deposit deadlines for each state. The security deposit laws will also include information about: 

  • What can be legally deducted from your security deposit. 

  • Penalties your landlord will face if they don’t follow the right procedure for returning your security deposit. For example, in California, a landlord will have to pay 2x the amount of your security deposit if they keep your deposit in bad faith. 

  • Whether your landlord had to provide an itemized statement and receipts to you regarding any deductions they made to your security deposit. 

  • How much your landlord could charge for a security deposit

  • Whether you had a right to a pre-move-out inspection.

3 Ways to Get Your Security Deposit Back

If you moved out of a rental unit and your landlord refuses to give you your security deposit back (in part or in full) you can take action against your landlord to recover your security deposit. 

1. Send a Demand Letter

If your landlord is not complying with your state’s security deposit laws and refuses to return your security deposit, consider sending them a security deposit demand letter

In a security deposit demand letter, the main thing you are doing is requesting that your landlord return your security deposit. Typically, this letter is written after your landlord has not paid you back within your state’s required time period. The security deposit demand letter should also notify your landlord that if they do not return your security deposit within the deadline you provide you intend to sue

Learn how to write a security deposit demand letter.

2. File a Complaint 

Some states have consumer protection agencies that handle complaints against landlords who refuse to return a tenant’s security deposit. For example, in Florida, you may file a complaint against a landlord with the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS)

In other states, you may be able to file a complaint against your landlord for failure to return your security deposit with the Attorney General’s Office. For example, in New York, the Attorney General investigates rent security deposit complaints. 

3. Sue in Small Claims Court  

If filing a complaint and sending a demand letter don’t work, it may be time to consider suing your landlord for the security deposit in small claims court. Small claims courts handle a wide variety of disputes, including disputes between tenants and landlords over security deposits. Small claims courts were also designed to be the “People’s Court” so they are usually more affordable, convenient, and user-friendly as compared to regular courts. Consider filing a small claims lawsuit against your landlord if they refuse to return your security deposit or make improper deductions to your security deposit. 

Author

Claudia Diaz

Legal Educator @ People Clerk. Claudia holds a J.D. degree and is a certified mediator in New York and Florida. She has participated in dozens of small claims mediations in New York City courts.

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